What are the major religions in Africa? Christianity and Islam are the two major religions. The percentage of the people who do not practice in Christianity or Islam practice traditional or folk-lore religions.
According to the World Book Encyclopedia, Islam is the largest religion in Africa. The population is 47% Muslim. This accounts for 1/4 of the world’s Muslim population. Islam’s history in Africa stems from Prophet Muhammad, whose early disciples migrated to Abyssinia in fear of persecution from the pagan Arabs.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, Christianity is the largest religion, and is also the other predominate religion on the continent. According to Wikipedia,
“Christianity existed in Ethiopia before the rule of King Ezana the Great of the Kingdom of Axum, but the religion took a strong foot hold when it was declared a state religion in 330 AD, becoming one of the first Christian nations. The earliest and best known reference to the introduction of Christianity to Africa is mentioned in the Christian Bible‘s Acts of the Apostles, and pertains to the evangelist Phillip’s conversion of an Ethiopian traveler in the 1st Century AD. Although the Bible refers to them as Ethiopians, scholars have argued that Ethiopia was a common term encompassing the area South-Southeast of Egypt.”
Traditional religions in Africa are difficult to summarize because the diversity of African cultures, but they do have some characteristics in common. According to Wikipedia, “Generally, they are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme being, belief in spirits and other divinities, veneration of ancestors, use of magic, and traditional medicine. The role of humanity is generally seen as one of harmonizing nature with the supernatural.”
Approximately 10% of the population practice traditional religions that have been passed down through the generations orally and can be found through art, rituals and festivals, beliefs and customs, names of people and places, songs and dances, proverbs, and myths.
Folk religion exists outside the official doctrine and practices and consists of ethnic or religious regional customs. It has been defined as “the totality of all those views and practices of religion that exist among the people apart from and alongside the strictly theological and liturgical forms of the official religion.”